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The Difference Between Synthetic Diamonds & Mined Diamonds

Synthetic Diamonds & Mined Diamonds

Will you be able to tell the difference between synthetic diamonds and mined diamond when buying a ring at the jewelry store? Chances are, even the diamond seller won’t be able to tell it easily. With cutting-edge technology used in creating man made diamondssynthetic diamonds look just like mined diamonds. However, there are a lot of differences between synthetic diamonds and mined diamonds. Here are some:


Difference in the way they are made: One of the biggest differences between mined diamonds and synthetic diamonds is that, mined diamonds are created by natural processes under the surface of the earth and synthetic diamonds are created in the laboratory.


·       How are synthetic diamonds made?


Synthetic diamonds or lab grown diamonds, cultivated diamonds are created through technological processes in laboratories. These diamonds have the same properties and chemical composition as mined diamonds. There are two ways of creating cultured diamonds: HPHT (High-Pressure High-temperature) and CVD (Chemical Vapour deposition).


·       How do mined diamonds get created?


Mined diamonds are created naturally under the surface of the earth through millions of years ago. Most mined diamonds are formed due to natural processes that include high temperature and pressure. These diamonds are then mined or dug out by manual labour.


Difference in identification of origin:


Usually even experienced jewelers needs special equipment to identify the make of the diamond. The best way for consumers to know where their diamond comes from or how it was made is to check the certificates and documents provided along with their diamond jewelry. For example, lab created real diamonds are certified by the G.I.A. (Gemological Institute of America) and come accompanied with the diamond.


However, when it comes to identifying the origin of a diamond, lab created diamonds are much easier to trust. A survey by the World Diamond Council (WDC) revealed that 88% of US jewelers have received guarantees from their lab grown diamond suppliers that all their diamonds are conflict free. This means that the origin of a lab grown diamond is easily known to a buyer even before purchasing. Each lab created diamond is marked for easy identification. Moreover, each of these diamonds is accompanied by certificates and documents stating that it is a man made diamonds grown in a lab. But what about the mined diamond? Is there a way to know that a particular mined diamond is not a blood diamond or is conflict free? Can jewelers guarantee that the particular diamonds was mined following fair trade practices? The answer is clearly, no.


Ethics and diamonds


High quality lab created diamonds or synthetic diamonds are call conflict free diamonds and are not blood diamonds. Mined diamonds could be blood diamonds. Conflict or blood diamonds are illegally traded to fund conflict in war-torn regions. The United Nations defines conflict diamonds as “Diamonds that originate from areas controlled by forces or factors opposed to legitimate and internationally recognized governments, and are used to fund military action in opposition to those governments, or in contravention of the decisions of the Security Council.” Synthetic diamonds, on the other hand, are created in safe and secure laboratories, which do not have ill effects on human beings or the society.


Price difference


For years, mined diamonds have been considered to be real and hence, of greater value compared to the other diamond variants. Mined diamonds are more expensive than man made diamonds, almost 30 to 40 percent more. Man made diamonds are make with scientific and technological processes and hence are cheaper.


Lab generated diamonds do not engage processes such as mining or drilling the earth, which increases the cost of acquiring the diamonds from underneath the surface of the earth. Best man made diamonds have the ability to meet market demands, due to the technological processes.


Can synthetic and mined diamonds be customized?


The technology used in creating real man made diamonds allows customizing or tailoring diamonds to a customer’s preference. One can have a diamond of their chosen properties, size, color and brilliance. This is one of the biggest advantage and reason for choosing to purchase a lab grown diamond over mined diamonds. Mined diamonds are created with natural processes under the surface of the earth and cannot be customized.


Difference in clarity


About 2% of mined diamonds are Type 2a. These are diamonds that are flawless. However, all grown diamonds are Type 2a. Mined diamonds have internal flaws that cannot be rectified by human intervention. Synthetic diamonds are flawless, without any impurities, because they are made through scientific and controlled processes. The reason being, that the process through which synthetic diamonds are created are designed to minimize these flaws.


Laboratory made diamonds and mined diamonds have a lot of differences. Most differences favour man made diamonds. This is a key reason that conscious consumers now choose to buy lab grown diamonds. Reports reveal that by 2020 created diamonds will outpace mined diamonds. And it isn’t surprising why it shouldn’t.

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